Niccolo Machiavelli

                    Niccolo Machiavelli – political unity is justified by any means – student of ancient Rome – admired virtu (heroic acts by Roman Rulers) – his understanding of their acts was exaggerated (opinion) – Italy was under pressure from German, French, Spanish armies – Ideals were in the way of defending…

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Hundred Years War: Stage Two

                    HUNDRED YEARS WAR Stage Two – Taking advantage of even more division within France (Duchy of Burgundy) Henry V could easily take France – 1420 treaty of Troyes – proclaimed Henry V successor to French Throne – Henry V & French King Charles VI both died in 1422 – infant…

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Black Death: The Bubonic Plague

                    Black Death — Causes & Conditions – 90% of the people worked the land – due to growth in cities & in food production, the population doubled between 1000 – 1300 – more people to feed than food available or jobs to employ them – crop failures 1315 – 1317…

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