Imperial China: Sui & T’ang

                    Imperial China Dynasties Sui (589 – 618) T’ang (624 – 755) Sung (960 – 1279) Yuan (1279 – 1368) Second Empire – Sui Dynasty & T’ang Dynasty Sui – unified the north, then conquered the south to unify the country – re-established the central government – restored the tax base,…

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Niccolo Machiavelli

                    Niccolo Machiavelli – political unity is justified by any means – student of ancient Rome – admired virtu (heroic acts by Roman Rulers) – his understanding of their acts was exaggerated (opinion) – Italy was under pressure from German, French, Spanish armies – Ideals were in the way of defending…

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Hundred Years War: Stage Two

                    HUNDRED YEARS WAR Stage Two – Taking advantage of even more division within France (Duchy of Burgundy) Henry V could easily take France – 1420 treaty of Troyes – proclaimed Henry V successor to French Throne – Henry V & French King Charles VI both died in 1422 – infant…

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Black Death: The Bubonic Plague

                    Black Death — Causes & Conditions – 90% of the people worked the land – due to growth in cities & in food production, the population doubled between 1000 – 1300 – more people to feed than food available or jobs to employ them – crop failures 1315 – 1317…

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The Great Depression: Economics of the 1920s

                    The Economy in the late 1920’s OPTIMISM 10 years added to the life expectancy (59 men / 63 women) Republican Hoover (self made millionaire) wins presidency in ‘28 1925 stocks valued at 27 billion – October 1929, 87 billion since 1914 “real wages” had increased 40% even the Socialists were…

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Causes of the Great Depression

      Optimism and Prosperity When Herbert Hoover was elected President in 1928, the mood of the general public was one of optimism and confidence in the U.S. economy. Few saw any reason why prosperity should not continue. In his acceptance speech for the Republican party nomination for the presidency, Hoover had said: “We in America today are nearer…

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US Constitution: People, Concepts, and Government

      PEOPLE Alexander Hamilton: Federalist, Roman like Republic, central government can veto state laws George Mason: Anti-Federalist, individual rights, weak central government James Madison: architect of the US Constitution, a Federalist who distrusted men’s virtue, compromised with the Anti-Federalists (senate & house of reps for example) Thomas Jefferson: contributed the 1st 10 amendments — Bill of Rights CONCEPTS/IDEAS Federalist:…

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Manifest Destiny

                    Manifest Destiny — a phrase used by leaders and politicians in the 1840s to explain continental expansion by the United States — revitalized a sense of “mission” or national destiny for Americans The people of the United States felt it was their mission to extend the “boundaries of freedom” to…

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George Mason

                    George Mason A wealthy landowner and patriot of the Founding generation, is a name that is largely forgotten in the annals of American history. During his time, though, he was considered an intellectual peer of James Madison and Thomas Jefferson in his home state of Virginia. His contributions toward preserving…

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US Constitution: Federalists and Anti-Federalists

  Federalists and Anti-Federalists The creation of the Constitution entailed hours of debate and compromise, and even when it was completed, some delegates were unhappy with it. The task of fixing the ailing Confederate government was not complete yet; each state had to ratify, or approve, the Constitution. Basically, people divided into two groups, the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. Each…

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