The Great Depression: Economics of the 1920s

                    The Economy in the late 1920’s OPTIMISM 10 years added to the life expectancy (59 men / 63 women) Republican Hoover (self made millionaire) wins presidency in ‘28 1925 stocks valued at 27 billion – October 1929, 87 billion since 1914 “real wages” had increased 40% even the Socialists were…

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Causes of the Great Depression

      Optimism and Prosperity When Herbert Hoover was elected President in 1928, the mood of the general public was one of optimism and confidence in the U.S. economy. Few saw any reason why prosperity should not continue. In his acceptance speech for the Republican party nomination for the presidency, Hoover had said: “We in America today are nearer…

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US Constitution: People, Concepts, and Government

      PEOPLE Alexander Hamilton: Federalist, Roman like Republic, central government can veto state laws George Mason: Anti-Federalist, individual rights, weak central government James Madison: architect of the US Constitution, a Federalist who distrusted men’s virtue, compromised with the Anti-Federalists (senate & house of reps for example) Thomas Jefferson: contributed the 1st 10 amendments — Bill of Rights CONCEPTS/IDEAS Federalist:…

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Manifest Destiny

                    Manifest Destiny — a phrase used by leaders and politicians in the 1840s to explain continental expansion by the United States — revitalized a sense of “mission” or national destiny for Americans The people of the United States felt it was their mission to extend the “boundaries of freedom” to…

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George Mason

                    George Mason A wealthy landowner and patriot of the Founding generation, is a name that is largely forgotten in the annals of American history. During his time, though, he was considered an intellectual peer of James Madison and Thomas Jefferson in his home state of Virginia. His contributions toward preserving…

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US Constitution: Federalists and Anti-Federalists

  Federalists and Anti-Federalists The creation of the Constitution entailed hours of debate and compromise, and even when it was completed, some delegates were unhappy with it. The task of fixing the ailing Confederate government was not complete yet; each state had to ratify, or approve, the Constitution. Basically, people divided into two groups, the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. Each…

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Concepts of the US Constitution

  Separation of powers One of the most important of the basic principles that guided the framers of the US Constitution in their design for America’s future governance was the idea that the root cause and essence of tyrranical government is the concentration of control over all the powers and functions of government in the hands of the same individual…

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Cold War: NATO

                    Cold War Notes: NATO, Domino Theory, Indochina (early Vietnam), South America NATO:  (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) 1949, 12 nations: Belgium, GB, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, & USA – an attack against one is an attack against all – first treaty with Europe since the revolution Domino…

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Cold War Conflicts: Poland, Berlin, Greece, Turkey, and Korea

                    Conflicts: Poland, Germany (Berlin), Greece/Turkey, Korea Germany: occupied by USA, GB, France & Russia Russia prevented Germany from recovery in its sphere of influence Russia feared German reunification (could not trust a united Germany) Churchill “iron curtain” = lines drawn, divided Europe, maybe Stalin saw (or wished for) a capitalist…

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Cold War: Russia & USA

                    Cold War (beginning overview)  Communism vs. Capitalism  Russia vs. USA  Two “superpowers” left at the end of WWII  GB greatly overstrained  France, barely rising from the near death of German occupation, internal divisions  Germany in ruins  China, not yet ready for the world…

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