“They who know do not tell, and they who tell do not know.” – Tao The King
Became Taoism in China but is a sect of Buddhism.
· Dependence upon oneself for answers to questions and for wisdom
· When question is felt, the answer is received
· Depends on Intuition not upon intellectualization
· To comprehend Zen one must first discipline and restrain the mind through mediation and introspection, no logic or verbalization.
· Enlightenment not freedom from reincarnation, but rather with gaining new insight into existence, and a new intuitive approach to Being.
· Insight cannot be taught or communicated.
THE MONDO AND THE KOAN
The disciplines and techniques used by Zen to develop receptivity to Satori (Enlightenment).
Mondo: Question-answer method between a Zen master and disciple, presented in nonsense riddles.
Koan: statement which student must fathom.
“A monk asked a Zen master: ‘What is Buddha?’ And he replied: ‘The cat is climbing up the post.” When the monk confessed that he could not understand, the Master said ‘You go and ask the post.”
“A student asked : ‘With what frame of mind should one discipline oneself in truth?’ And the Master answered ‘There is no mind to be framed, nor is there any truth in which to be disciplined.”
SHINTO – THE WAY OF THE GODS (Kami-no-michi)
“Both heaven and earth come from one’s own heart.” – a Shinto saying
Native aboriginal teachings indigenous to Japan and is heavily routed in mythology. Spirit-gods (kami) are in everything and there is no evil in nature, only in lack of moderation. All sins may be forgiven by repentance, except two: cowardice and thief.
Izanagi and Izanami, progenitors of everything
Amaterasu Omikami, the Sun goddess
Susano, the Storm god also associated with forests
Fudo, fighter of demons
Uke-mochi, the Food Deity
Fujin, the Wind god
Fire Fade and Fire Flash, associated with tides
Sea King, associated with the ocean/sea
Raiden, the Thunder god
Suku-na-biko, the Dwarf god
Uzume, the Mirth Goddess
Also various kami
CODE OF THE NOBLE
·COURAGE: cowardice is a sin
·LOYALTY: first to the emperor, then family, the community then to future generations.
·CLEANLINESS: ritual cleanliness very important.
BRANCHES/SECTS OF SHINTO:
SHINRI KYO PRECEPTS
·Do not transgress against the wills of the gods.
·Do not forget your obligation to your ancestors.
·Do not transgress against the decrees of the State.
·Do not forget the profound goodness of the gods, whereby misfortune is averted and sickness healed.
·Do not forget the world is one great family.
·Do not forget the limitations of your own person.
·Even though others become angry, do not become angry yourself.
·Do not be slothful in your business.
·Do not be a person who brings blame to your teacher.
·Do not be carried away by foreign teaching.
SHINSHU KYO PRECEPTS
·Worship the great deities.
·Pacify thy spirit, for it is part of the spirit deity.
·Practice the Way of the Gods.
·Revere the divine origin of the State (through Amaterasu)
·Be loyal to the ruler.
·Be zealous in filial piety toward thy parents.
·Be kind to others.
·Be diligent in business.
·Preserve steadfastness within thy breast.
·Cleanse away the rust of thy body.
BUSHIDO – THE WAY OF THE WARRIOR
(Not really a religion, but a code of behavior common in Japanese society)
“Swift as the wind, silent as the forest, fierce as the fire, steady as the mountain.” – a Takeda banner
Loyalty can be expressed by self-sacrifice in battle, proper management of a han (daimyo’s territory that the samurai manages), junshi (following in death suicide), revenge over the death of one’s daimyo (lord) and total loyalty to family in spite of a dishonorable member.
·Absolute loyalty to the Emperor and one’s daimyo, first and foremost above all other loyalties.
·Children absolutely loyal to their parents or pupil loyal to their teacher.
·Wife absolutely loyal to her husband.
·Junior officer loyal to a senior officer.
·Lastly, loyalty among peers and equals.
·Always repay one’s debts.
·Once your word is given, you are bound by it.
·Willing to undergo any sacrifice to repay a kindness, honor or commitment.
·Fight with honor, avenge the wronged.
·To die for one’s daimyo (lord) is the greatest honor.
·Self sacrifice in every day life.
·Be fearless in life and battle.
·Devotion to duty above all other concerns.
·Exhibit self-control and avoid bringing disgrace to one’s daimyo (lord), oneself or one’s family.
·Observe courtesy and etiquette at all times.
·Avoid foul language in the presence of others.
·Keep to the traditions.
·Show respect for authority.
·Show kindness and mercy when able.
·Administer swift justice.
·Protect the innocent.